Everyone thus turned brand new collector/debtor of everybody otherwise, given that no one enjoys
Instead of going into bankruptcy, everyone, including the States, was provided with the opportunity to use the new Federal Reserve Notes, called (incorrectly) « lawful money » grounded in perpetual debt of the « eligible paper » which formed the assets of the Federal Reserve and the National Banks, These are also known as « units of monetized debt ». paid off or been reduced for anything since that infamous day of June 5, 1933 when Roosevelt willfully and knowingly stole Our gold and gave it to a bunch of foreign bankers. (Lawfully, debts can only be paid with money – money as defined by the Law of the Land – The Constitution – being gold and silver coin. Anything else is not lawful money and cannot therefore lawfully « pay a debt ».) Thus, overnight, We The People became liable for specific performance on the basis of a debt action of assumpsit under the personal Legislation Vendor, operating outside of the Constitution and imposing an Equitable jurisdiction. A jurisdiction in which no one has any rights, where one can be compelled summarily to deliver his property without trial by Common Law jury. And the debts to the private bankers keep mounting ever higher.
Neither is The guy be required, by law, to simply accept, or perhaps to bring advised consent to accept, a fair jurisdiction international to his Statement from Liberties.
During the very start of government under the Constitution , Congress conferred towards federal district process of law private cognizance « of all municipal factors that cause admiralty and coastal jurisdiction, . . . . . . ; preserving to suitors, in most instances, the right escort review Topeka KS regarding a common Law answer, where the Common-law was qualified to give it;. . . » (1 STAT 77, Point nine (1789))
Because jurisdiction are kept to be exclusive, the effectiveness of laws and regulations for a passing fancy subject need necessarily be throughout the federal legislature rather than in the county legislatures.
Congress enacted the Limited Liability Act on March 3, 1851. It is codified at Title 46, United States Code, Sections 181-189, as amended in 1875, 1877, 1935, 1936 and the Act of 1884. It intended to cover the entire subject of limitations, and to invest the U. S. District Courts with exclusive original cognizance of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, exclusive of the States. This means that the States do not have any jurisdiction in admiralty and maritime matters, after all.
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction comprises two types of cases: (1) those involving acts committed on the high seas or other navigable waters, and (2) those involving agreements and you will deals about shipping employed into the oceans or navigable waters. In other words, the second type of case must have a direct connection with maritime commerce.
An effective freeborn, Sovereign Western individual can’t be pushed toward perpetual debtorship and unconscious servitude, that is, feudalistic abilities on the behalf of, and for the advantageous asset of, any individual, real or juristic, facing his Thirteenth Post off Amendments to your Composition of U . s .
Suits in admiralty traditionally took the form of a proceeding inside rem against the vessel, and, with exceptions to be noted, such proceedings within the rem are confined exclusively to federal admiralty courts, because the grant of exclusive jurisdiction to the federal courts by the Judiciary Act of 1789 has been interpreted as referring to the traditional admiralty action, the in rem action, which was unfamiliar to your Common-law.
If you’re Condition courts are allowed to
State courts are forbidden by the Constitution to have Admiralty jurisdiction. handle and attempt Admiralty cases if the suitor desires, it must be an Admiralty number to start with and it must involve property, otherwise there would not be a Common Law remedy. In other words, the Common Law courts would not be competent to handle it. More than this, it would need to be tried in a Common Law court, following Common Law procedures (not Equity procedures) with a Trial by a Common Law jury.
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